Madrid, 6 December 2016

The second Round Table, which addressed globalisation, took place on 6 December 2016 in Madrid (Spain). Experts from Europe and the United States and high level representatives from various services of the European Commission discussed currently unmet needs for data to inform policies, major trends of globalisation and new information needs arising from these trends.


The experts reflected on the increasing interconnection between international trade of goods and services and the difficulties in capturing and measuring the services, due to their intangible nature, the valuation of customisation of unfinished products and their integration into goods. Moreover, they emphasised the role of knowledge-driven value chains as well as of information and communication technology, including blockchains, and cyber security in traditional and new typologies of business.

All experts agreed on the importance of timely multinational data and on the need to explore new ways of data collection including e.g. of data held at pan-national level. Multinational enterprise groups are a major provider of this kind of data, due to the role they play in the international exchange of goods and services, in global value chains and in the international division of labour and production arrangements. Conversely, multinational enterprise groups and national and international authorities are also a major user, requesting multidimensional information concerning economic and social aspects for evidence based business decisions.

The experts will write articles on the most promising of the topics discussed at the Round Table in an Outlook Report. This report will be discussed at the high-level conference “Power from Statistics; Data, Information and knowledge” on the future of official statistics, which will take place in Brussels on 18 and 19 October 2017.


Jyrki Ali-Yrkkö is a Deputy CEO of ETLA’s (The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy) subsidiary Etlatieto Ltd. Recently, his research has focused on global value chains and particularly on value creation. He has also analysed the impacts of innovation policy and also the role of the largest companies in national economy. During his career, he has led several research projects for to the Prime Minister’s Office of Finland. In addition to academic series, the results of his studies have been reported in numerous leading magazines and newspapers such as in Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Die Welt and L’Express.

Jyrki Ali-Yrkkö

Axel Behrens is Head of Unit for Structural Business Statistics and Global Value Chains at Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Union. He graduated in Economics at the University of Konstanz, followed by a doctorate in International Economics at the University of Kiel. In 1995 he joined the European Commission and has been working in different departments since then.

Axel Behrens

Ricardo Borges de Castro is an adviser in the Foreign Affairs Team of the European Political Strategy Centre. He previously served as personal assistant and member of cabinet to José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission and in the Commission's Spokesperson's Service. Ricardo has also worked as a political assistant to the Prime Minister of Portugal (2002-2004) and to the Social Democrats in the Foreign Affairs, National Defense and East Timor committees at the Portuguese parliament (1998-2002).
He has taught at the International Relations at Lusíada University in Lisbon and at the Institute of Political Studies at the Catholic University in Portugal. He graduated in International Relations from University Lusíada in Lisbon, obtained a MA Degree at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and completed his DPhil (PhD) in International Relations at St Antony's College, University of Oxford.

Ricardo Borges de Castro

Elisabetta Carfagna, Editor of the Outlook Report
Elisabetta Carfagna is full professor of statistics at the University of Bologna. She started her academic career after having reached a managerial position in the R&D department of a leading Italian company. She has lead and participated in international research and capacity development projects, in collaboration with several international organizations and national institutions, among which FAO, Eurostat, JRC, US and Italian Governments and Gates Foundation.
She was asked to design and start up the implementation of the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics.

Elisabetta Carfagna

Alfredo Cristobal is Director General of Statistical Products at the Spanish Statistics Office (INE) since 2012. He carries out the implementation and the coordination of the different statistical products at national level and with the European institutions. He graduated in Mathematics at the University of Zaragoza (Spain) in 1985. He joined INE, as senior statistician, in 1990, working in different positions since then. He has spent most of his career dealing with issues related to national accounts. Nowadays, he is currently member of the Subcommittee on Statistics of the Economic and Financial Committee in the EU and also member of the Committee on Monetary, Financial and Balance of payments statistics and of its Executive Body. He usually also attends meetings of the ESS Committee and of the Directors Groups at Eurostat, both of Macroeconomic Statistics and Business Statistics.

Alfredo Cristobal

Zornitsa Kutlina-Dimitrova is a senior economist in the Chief Trade Economist Unit of the European Commission working on economics of government procurement, economic assessment of free trade agreements and economic modelling. She has authored more than 20 publications on the economic impact of international trade policies, international public procurement, trade in services, regional trade agreements, EU tax policy and others. Zornitsa Kutlina-Dimitrova obtained a PhD from the European Institute for International Economic Relations and a master in European Economy from the University of Aachen, Germany. She is also the author of ‘Financial Markets Development and Economic growth in the Central and Eastern European EU Member States (dissertation, Peter Lang, 2009).

Zornitsa Kutlina-Dimitrova

Annika Eriksgård Melander is Head of Unit at the European Commission's DG for Economic and Financial Affairs (responsible for the unit focusing on IMF and G-groups related matters). Having worked with applied economics for more than 25 years in both the private and public sector; in both a domestic and international context; and for both advanced and emerging economies, she has an extensive experience in working on the global economy. This also includes having spent five years in China when working as head of the economic and financial section at the EU delegation to China (2010-2015). In her current position, Ms. Eriksgård Melander is the EC's member in the G20 working group 'framework for growth' which devote a lot of attention on how to foster 'strong, sustainable and balanced growth'; looking at the weakness in trade and investment; how to address global imbalances; as well as how to make growth more inclusive.

Annika Eriksgård Melander

Martina Hahn is Head of Unit at Eurostat for Methodology and Corporate Architecture. Before joining Eurostat in 2001, she worked in the Federal Statistical Office of Germany. She studied Economics at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Konstanz from which she graduated.

Martina Hahn

William Hoffman heads the World Economic Forum's initiatives on Data-Driven Development and the Global Agenda of the Information and Communications Technology sector. Comprised of a multi-stakeholder community of industry, civil society, governmental and academic leaders, this group works to collectively identify where ICT can positively impact some of the world's most pressing challenges. Based on the assumption that a hyper connected world requires strengthened trust and new models of collaboration, William’s focus at the Forum addresses the need for principle-based governance, demand-based innovation and the need for a balanced, inclusive and sustainable ICT ecosystem.
He leads a multi-year initiative on personal data aimed at advancing the dialogue on the value of personal data and the need for enabling frameworks which are flexible, centered on the individual, and contextually driven. Prior to joining the World Economic Forum, William was the Director of Enterprise Marketing at AT&T. With extensive experience in the communications industry, he has a broad background with emerging technologies and strategic planning.

William Hoffman

Mushtaq Hussain is Statistical Officer in the unit of Integrated Global Accounts and Balance of Payments in Eurostat. He is Project Manager of the project Integrated global accounts and global production, dealing with capturing the impact of globalisation on macroeconomic statistics. He has a PhD in statistics. Joined the European Commission in 1999.

Mushtaq Hussain

Martin Karlberg is team leader for Research and Innovation in Official Statistics at Eurostat. Before joining the European Commission in 2003, he worked at Statistics Sweden, AstraZeneca, and at Stockholm University (from where he was awarded his PhD in statistics in 1997).

Martin Karlberg

Tomas Matraia, Moderator. Tomas Matraia is the Director of the Adwisers global advisory group, specialised in internationalisation, innovation and adaptive leadership for the private and public sectors. Tomas also leads the multidisciplinary platform The Node for Opportunities, Development and Environment: a non-profit organisation connecting and promoting sustainable development solutions. His focus is to drive change, respond to contemporary challenges and seize new opportunities through business development, groundbreaking partnerships and capacity building. He has successfully moderated numerous institutional events and international debates, providing also dedicated trainings in emotional intelligence, conflict resolution, communication and innovation processes. He previously served in the UN and EC working on international cooperation, sustainable development, innovation and social inclusion. Tomas holds a Masters degree in Political Sciences and International Relations, a Postgraduate Specialisation in Human Rights and Development and was guest researcher at Oslo University.

Tomas Matraia

Timothy J. Sturgeon is Senior Researcher at the at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Industrial Performance Center (IPC). His research focuses on the process of global integration, with an emphasis on offshoring and outsourcing practices in the electronics, automotive, and services industries. He has made significant contributions to Global Value Chain (GVC) theory, and is working to improve the metrics and methods available for globalization research. Tim collaborates actively with policymakers in international development agencies, industrialised countries, and developing countries on actionable, effective policy responses to global integration.

Timothy J. Sturgeon

Ani Todorova is Head of Unit at Eurostat responsible for the production of National Accounts data. Before joining Eurostat in 2011, she was active in the area of quality infrastructure and technical regulations. She has a MS in Computer Science and MA in Development Policy and Governance.

Ani Todorova

Kristel Van der Elst is Co-Founder and CEO of the Global Foresight Group and has 17 years of experience in forward-looking strategy and policy advisory roles. She is a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Strategic Foresight Community, the OECD Governmental Foresight Community, the Strategic Foresight for Research & Innovation Policy in Horizon 2020 (SFRI) European Commission Expert Group, and the Independent Advisory Committee to the Global Burden of Disease initiative. Kristel is Visiting Professor at the College of Europe and holds an MBA from the Yale School of Management, a Masters in Development Cooperation from the University of Ghent, and a Masters in Commercial Engineering from the Free University of Brussels.
She is a Fulbright Scholar, a Rotary Foundation Ambassadorial Scholar, a Global Leadership Fellow and a Certified Professional Facilitator.

Kristel Van der Elst

Stefano Vannini is senior economist in the Chief Economist Team of DG Growth (shortcut for "Directorate General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs") at the European Commission.
He spent most of his career in the institution working on competition policy (in the Chief Economist Team of DG Competition following merger, antitrust and State aid cases in numerous industrial sectors) and on the interaction between competition and industrial policies (in DG Enterprise). Stefano has a PhD in Economics from UCL (Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium) and was assistant professor at the University of Vienna.

Stefano Vannini

Heidi Zoetzl is Corporate Vice President Export Control and Customs at SIEMENS.
Previously, she was Head of Export Control and Customs, Siemens AG, Munich (in 2010), Head of Export Control and Customs, Siemens Corporation US (in 2007), and Head of Logistics & Export Control and Customs, AREVA, Erlangen (in 2004).
She has a Degree in Industrial Business Administration, Heraeus Hanau, 1984.

Heidi Zoetzl